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How Nuclear Fusion Might Change The World

by Matthew Li

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so, nuclear fusion is the joining of atomic nuclei to create a heavier nucleus, which will result in the release of an enormous quantity of energy. The sun and all other stars are powered by the same method. Although technology has not yet reached the stage of commercial use, nuclear fusion power has enormous potential as a source of sustainable, clean, and practically infinite energy.

Here are a few of the ways nuclear fusion might influence and change the world.

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Energy production: One of the most promising applications of nuclear fusion is in energy production. Fusion reactors have potential to produce vast amounts of electricity without the harmful bioproducts compared to fossil fuels or the radioactive waste of nuclear fission. Unlike fossil fuels, fusion fuel (such as hydrogen) is abundant in nature and produces no greenhouse gasses.
Now you might get confused between the difference between nuclear fission and fusion. I’m here to explain, in quick terms, the main difference would definitely be that fission is the splitting of an atom into two or more smaller ones while fusion is the fusing of two or more smaller atoms into a larger one.

Space exploration: Nuclear fusion could also revolutionize the space exploration industry by providing a lightweight, compact, and heaps of nearly endless source of energy for long-duration space missions. Fusion powered rockets could potentially allow humans to travel further and faster in space than ever before.

Medical applications: Nuclear fusion has potential in medical applications, including cancer treatment and diagnostic imaging. Fusion-generated neutron beams could be used to destroy cancer cells, while fusion-produced isotopes could be used for medical imaging and therapy.

Industrial processes: Nuclear fusion can source power to a wide range of industrial practices, from desalination to the production of chemicals. By replacing the traditional fossil fuel based process with fusion-powered alternatives, we could reduce the carbon emissions greatly and control the sustainability and pollution of industry.

While the concept of nuclear fusion is still in the experimental stage, there has been significant progress made in the recent years. There have been several experimental reactors, such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in France and are currently under construction with a goal of producing fusion energy by 2025. This experimental reactor is a collaboration between the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Korea, and Russia, and aims to demonstrate the technical feasibility of fusion as a clean, sustainable energy source. Despite the progress, there are still significant challenges to overcome, including the development of materials strong enough to withstand the strong radiation and extreme heat from the fusion reactors as well as the scaling up of fusion technology to make it commercially viable.
If successful, the production of nuclear fusion would be a game changer for the world as it would provide everyone with a safe, clean, and unlimited source of energy. The Ongoing research and development in fusion will be critical to realizing its potential and meeting the world’s growing energy needs, revolutionize space exploration, medical innovations, and improve the sustainability of industrial and environmental projects. Even though there are still many challenges to overcome, the potential benefits of nuclear fusion make it a high potential well worth pursuing technology.

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